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  • Writer's pictureAlexander Kavouras

The Comprehensive Science of Medical Cannabis: How It Works

Medical cannabis works by interacting with the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters that play a key role in maintaining bodily homeostasis. The ECS regulates various physiological processes including pain, mood, appetite, and memory. Cannabinoids, the active compounds in cannabis, mimic endogenous substances in our bodies known as endocannabinoids, which naturally engage with this system.

The two most studied cannabinoids are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol). THC is renowned for its psychoactive effects, providing relief from pain and nausea but also producing the "high" associated with cannabis. CBD, on the other hand, is non-psychoactive and is explored for its potential anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, and neuroprotective properties. Both cannabinoids can support various treatment plans, but it's their synergistic effects that are currently paving the way for new medical applications.

Research into the therapeutic applications of cannabis is expanding, revealing potential benefits in conditions ranging from chronic pain and epilepsy to anxiety and sleep disorders. These discoveries highlight the importance of dosing and the method of administration, as these factors significantly influence the effectiveness of the treatment. For instance, inhalation provides rapid relief, suitable for acute symptoms, while oral administration offers prolonged effects, beneficial for chronic conditions.

As medical cannabis gains acceptance in more jurisdictions, understanding its underlying science becomes crucial for both patients and healthcare providers. This knowledge ensures that its use is not only compliant with legal standards but also optimized for therapeutic efficacy, minimizing risks and maximizing benefits.

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